Views of the Divine Nature
There are NUMEROUS ways the divine can be viewed. These are all true, in some sense, to some degree. These are all false, as any set of things we could possibly put together must be complete, as we cannot as finite beings perceive the infinite. Thus, all are woefully incomplete. Nonetheless, as other pages on this site use various theological definitions for these things, explanations and definitions will be given for the terms used or commonly used.
Definitions of -isms
Following are some definitions of the beliefs in God, or possible beliefs or non-beliefs in God or the Gods. This is by no means an exhaustive list!
  • Monotheism - A belief that there is one God with a name, form, and attributes Who is separate from mundane things, although interacts with them to some degree.
  • Dualism - A belief that two things exist. Unfortunately, the most common of these is the dualism of good and evil, light and dark, white and black. The first thing is generally considered "good" and the second "evil". That wouldn't be so bad except other pairs of opposites get put into that duality. That comes to include masculine and feminine, active and passive, white and non-white races, thin and fat, tall and short, and so on.
    Samkhya is a dualistic belief system in some sense because it believes that Purusa or Pure Consciousness exists as well as Prakriti or Primordial Materiality exists. These are masculine and feminine, respectively. They are viewed as different, but neither is "greater" or "lesser" than the other.
  • Pantheism - a belief that God is throughout and within Everything.
  • Monism - A belief that Everything exists within God. There is a small, subtle difference between pantheism and monism, in terms of what is within what, and hence the idea of which is "bigger". A monist believes that the divine is "Everything that does, has, ever will or could exist plus a little bit more." The Pantheist believes that God is a little bit smaller than Everything that exists.
    Slightly different is the whole concept of Advaita, or "Non-Dualism". In most ways, non-dualism is identical to monism as usually thought of, but it does not have to be. A non-dualist can be a non-theist as well.
  • Panentheism - The Gods are everywhere, within, throughout, between, and among everything.
  • Polytheism - Numerous Gods, at least three, objectively exist outside of the material world, although They may interact with it from time to time. Most polytheisms have numerous Gods. Hinduism enumerates 30,306 (or 3,306 in some translations), although Hinduism is not strictly polytheistic, even though it looks that way and is often practiced that way.
  • Non-Theism - Any belief system that is silent on the existence or non-existence of God or the Gods. It may believe that this is unknowable, or it may believe that it is ultimately unimportant to its goals.
  • Atheism - Lack of belief in God, Gods, or the divine.
  • Agnosticism - An assertion that it is unknown and perhaps unknowable whether any sort of God exists or not, as well as the nature of any such God Who may exist. A great confusion comes over the definition of agnostic: It is not "atheism light". Theism or atheism or nontheism involve what someone believes. Agnosticism, or its positive form, gnosticism, involves what someone knows.
  • Anti-Theism - A belief system that absolutely asserts not only that there is no God, but that notions of God must be abandoned and actively disbelieved, or that the belief in a God or Gods is harmful to the person or to others.
Divine Nature Viewed Within Samkhya Wicca
Wicca certainly has NO catechism or any universal statement of beliefs, nor any governing body. Samkhya has texts, but no central authority to make judgments on what is or is not heretical. Indeed, the whole concept of heresy does not exist within any sect of Hinduism, much less the sect that values the individual use of the intellect as much as Samkhya!

Nonetheless, there are some things that are better suited to it than others. Monotheism is better suited to an authoritarian, usually patriarchal structure. As there is respect for both the masculine and the feminine, monotheism at least in any form that it exists presently simply would not fit. Agnosticism does not work well as a permanent condition because a great deal of the focus of Samkhya is to KNOW, as it is a system of belief best suited to Jnana.

There are systems of Samkhya philosophy which are atheistic or even anti-theistic. There is one Samkhyin text that overtly states that there is no omniscient, omnipotent, omnipresent God. They do believe that the gods exist, so that this text is polytheistic in nature.

All of this being said, the Truth of all of these is the intersection of all of these belief systems. That point is the Truth. Purusa may need to show you this, and at the same time, It is the point!
Copyright 2004 by Elizabeth Harper
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